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INCREASE YOUR GRAIN KNOWLEDGE!

INCREASE YOUR GRAIN KNOWLEDGE!

INCREASE YOUR GRAIN KNOWLEDGE!

By Nmami Agarwal             May 5, 2018

INCREASE YOUR GRAIN KNOWLEDGE!

Jowar:
A crop belonging to the grass family (Gramineae) Jowar is popular in the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Its appearance is similar to that of corn and is the most cultivated crop in India after wheat. Grown in warm area, Jowar is the 5th most important cereal crop grown in the world. Jowar is packed with nutrition and is used as food as well as fodder. As a crop that does not require a lot of rain, Jowar is extremely resistant to drought and can be grown in dry areas. In fact, the largest producer of Jowar in the world is Africa. Organically grown Jowar is gluten-free and easy to digest. It is also provides more energy for the calories consumed. Jowar has a plain neutral taste and is known to have a slightly sweet aftertaste. It acts as a great ingredient as it absorbs flavours well.

USAGE:
Jowar has many uses as a grain and is also popular in several industries. Its seeds are used in the production of flour, alcohol and starch. Its stems contain sugar and are used in the production of molasses. Steamed or boiled Jowar kernals can be added to soups and stews. Jowar can also be ground and used as a substitute for wheat flour in order to make baked goods or chapattis. Roasted Jowar kernals can also be consumed as an evening snack.
Benefits:

Be Gluten-Free: 
A protein component found in wheat and other grains, Gluten, is belived to cause digestive problems like stomach cramps and bloating. Organically grown Jowar is a gluten-free whole grain and is perfect for people suffering from gluten intolerance.
Fibre For All: 
Jowar has a much higher fibre content as compared to other grains like Barley or Rice. A singles serving of Jowar (12g fibre) far exceeds the recommended daily intake of fibre (48%). A diet with high quantity of fibre results in lower cholesterol levels, controlled blood sugar levels and normal bowel movements.

Lose Weight and Control Blood Sugar Levels: 
A complex carbohydrate that is digested slowly, Jowar, causes a more gradual increase in blood sugar, making it a great option of people who are diabetic and those who want to lose weight.

Keeps your Bones Healthy: 
Jowar contains a high level of Magnesium, which not only helps maintain calcium levels in the body (by absorbing Calcium), it also increases energy and calms nerves.

Vitamins, Minerals & Micronutrients: 
The Vitamin B, Potassium and Phosphorous present in Jowar help the body build new cells and tissue. Jowar also contains zinc, copper, iron and is has high levels of antioxidants.

Rice:
Rice is the most important food crop in the world, feeding more people than any other crop. Mainly produced in West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, rice is cultivated in bothe the seasons- winter and summer, in areas with heavy rainfall. 65% of India’s population consumes rice as a staple food, making it a part of almost all of their meals. A complex carbohydrate, rice is low on sodium, cholesterol and has a minimal amount of fat. Brown rice is its most nutritional form as it is milled in a way that preserves most of the nutrients present in
the rice crop. Some of the most popular forms of rice include the long grain and uniquely flavoured Basmati, the sticky and short grain Abrorio, the aromatic and long grain Jasmine and Whole Grain Brown rice in which the bran part of the grain is intact.

USAGE:
Rice is used in several parts of India to make savoury as well as sweet dishes. From idli and pulao to kheer and phirni, rice can make it all. Rice flour is extremely beneficial for your hair and skin and can be used to reduce wrinkles and dark circles and can help in smoothening your hair. Rice water is used medicinally as an ointment to counteract inflamed surfaces. The bran, meal, and chopped straw of rice are useful in feeding domestic animals, especially when mixed with milk. Rice grain is also used to manufacture some types of alcohol and is an ingredient in the laundry starch manufacturing process.

BENEFITS:

Gives Energy

Since rice is abundant in carbohydrates, it acts as fuel for the body and aids in the normal functioning of the brain. Carbohydrates are metabolized by the body and turned into functional, usable energy. The vitamins, minerals, and organic components found in it increase the functioning and metabolic activity of all the organs, which further increases energy levels.

Controls Obesity
Rice forms an integral part of a balanced diet as it can provide nutrients without having any negative impacts on health. Low levels of fat, cholesterol, and sodium also help reduce obesity and associated conditions.

Controls Blood Pressure
Rice is low in sodium, so it is considered one of the best foods for those suffering from hypertension. Sodium can cause veins and arteries to constrict, increasing stress and strain on the cardiovascular system as the blood pressure increases. This is also associated with heart conditions like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes, so avoiding an excess of this mineral is always a good idea.

Reduces the Chance of Cancer
Whole grain variety of brown rice, is rich in insoluble fiber that helps protect against many types of cancer. Scientists and researchers believe that such insoluble fibers are vital for protecting the body against the development and metastasis of cancerous cells. Fiber is beneficial in defending against colorectal and intestinal cancer. However, besides fiber, it also has natural antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin A, and phenolic and flavonoid compounds, which help scour free radicals from the body.

Prevents Alzheimer’s Disease
Brown rice is said to contain high levels of nutrients that stimulate the growth and the activity of neurotransmitters, subsequently helping in preventing Alzheimer’s disease to a considerable extent. Various species of wild rice have been shown to stimulate neuro protective enzymes in the brain, which inhibit the effects of free radicals and other toxins that can cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Diminishes IBS
Rice has resistant starch, which reaches the bowels and stimulates the growth of useful bacteria that help with normal bowel movements. Also, this insoluble rice is very useful in reducing the effects of conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and diarrhea.

Maize:
Maize is a noteworthy staple nourishment grain all through the world, especially in Africa, Latin America and Asia, and a noteworthy feedstuff in created nations. The maize grain has numerous nourishment (grain, flour, syrup, oil…) and non-nourishment uses (beauty care products, cements, paints, varnishes). Maize starch and oil are additionally major products. The maize grain is a standard part of animal fodder where it is utilized as a source of vitality. Maize is also used to produce flour and starch; it plays an important role in the liquor/biofuel businesses.

USES:
Maize flour, or meal, is made into a thick porridge in numerous societies. Maize is likewise utilized as a trade for wheat flour, to make cornbread and other prepared items. Cornstarch is produced using maize pieces, which are high in starch, and utilized as a thickening specialist in soups. Corn syrup is utilized as a sweetener rather than sugar in a great many items, including soda, candy and bread. Dairy animals eat field corn, not the sweet corn that people generally eat.

BENEFITS:
Maize is a rich source of vitamins and minerals like calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. Corn is rich in vitamins B, E, A, PP, which are extremely valuable for females, especially their hair and skin. Corn also has anti-ageing properties.
The advantage of bubbled maize is that while heating, the shell of grain isn;t obliterated, which implies that it doesn;t lose its helpful characteristics. Important amino acids incorporated into its creation, for example, lysine and tryptophan, which are not delivered in the human body alone, help create muscle tone.

There is a major advantage of bubbled corn for individuals with diabetes since it balances out glucose levels, for individuals with sensitivities, frailty, heftiness, anorexia, liver and heart infections canned corn is great since it holds the vast majority of its nutritional supplements.

BARLEY:
Grain is perceived as one of the main yields to be trained for human utilization. It is all around adjusted to differing ecological conditions and along these lines it is created over a more extensive geographic conveyance than most different oats. In respect to other oat crops, grain positions fourth in all out grain creation. The grain of grain enters the human natural way of life by means of unmistakably extraordinary courses. Just a minor measure of grain is really utilized as a part of the creation of nourishments for human utilization, however the scope of
employments for grain inside this setting is various. In a few districts of the world, grain is developed for human utilization where different grains don;t develop well.

USES:
The essential employments of Barley are as fodder, seed and for malt generation. Aside from being the key fixing in Beer and Whiskey, the utilizations for grain malt incorporate concentrates, syrups and flavorings. Grain is utilized as a thickening and enhancing specialist in soups, stews, sauce, dishes, heated products and frozen yogurt. Grain can be utilized as a part of recipes by mixing grain flour with wheat flour.
Some well-known recipes utilizing Barley include:
Grain Pudding, Lemon Barley Water, Barley Tea, Barley Pilaf and Barley Bread.

BENEFITS:
1) Bone Health
The iron, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, manganese, and zinc in barley all add to building and keeping up bone structure and quality. A collection of phosphate and calcium is fundamental for legitimate bone mineralization. Devouring excessive phosphorus with too little calcium can bring about bone degeneration.
Bone development requires the mineral manganese; additionally, iron and zinc assume imperative parts in the generation and development of collagen.

2) Heart Health
Grain;s fiber, potassium, folate, and vitamin B6 content, combined with its absence of cholesterol, all help a sound heart. Grain is a phenomenal source of fiber, which helps bring down the aggregate sum of cholesterol in the blood, along these lines diminishing the danger of coronary illness.

3) Cancer

Selenium is a mineral that is absent in many nourishments, yet it can be found in barley. It assumes the part of a liver catalyst and detoxifies some tumor causing cells in the body. Moreover, selenium from dietary sources can help counteract aggravation.

4) Inflammation
Choline is an imperative and flexible supplement in grain that assists with rest, muscle development, learning, and memory. Choline additionally keeps up the structure of cell layers, helps in the transmission of nerve motivations, aids the ingestion of fat, and lessens perpetual aggravation.

5) Weight administration and satiety
Sufficient fiber admission is usually perceived as a vital factor in weight reduction. Fiber in the diet builds satiety and decreases hunger, thus, influencing individuals to feel more full. This can help bring down the general calorie intake.

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