All You Need to Know About Dengue
By Nmami Agarwal
Dengue is known to be a dangerous disease carried by a mosquito-borne infection which can lead to severe flu-like symptoms along with high fever. This flu is caused by four different viruses, spread by ‘Aedes’ mosquitoes. Dengue, pronounced as ‘dengee’, is a painful illness that has associations with the viruses which can cause West Nile infection and yellow fever as well. An approx. of three hundred ninety million dengue infections are reported worldwide every year, from which about ninety-six million reports results in deaths. Most cases occur in tropical areas with the highest risks especially during the season of monsoon.
Signs And Symptoms
In dengue majority of people, especially teens and children may not come up with any signs or symptoms in mild dengue fever. Noticeable symptoms generally occur within four to seven days when you are already down with infected mosquito. Dengue indications include fever, shivering and at least two of any following symptoms – headache, rashes on the body, nausea, pain behind the eyes, vomiting, swollen glands, muscle, bone and joint pain.
While many people recover from dengue within a week or so, there are some cases where the symptoms worsen leading to life-threatening emergencies in which blood vessels often become leaky or damaged. The number of platelets (clot-forming cells) in your bloodstream drops drastically, can cause a severe form of dengue fever; know as dengue hemorrhagic fever, blood in urine, severe abdominal pain, difficult or rapid breathing, stools or vomit, cold or clammy skin, irritability fatigue, or restlessness.
The only way to prevent yourself from getting infected by dengue is to prevent the infectious bites from Aedes mosquitoes. In particular, if you are staying in or travelling up to tropical areas needs to involve preventing yourself from dengue bites while making some efforts to keep increasing ratio of dengue under control. Some preventive measures for dengue are:
- Use mosquito repellents, whenever you go out or even indoors.
- When at home, use air conditioning if available.
- When going out, do wear long-sleeved clothes and full pants with properly tucked in socks.
- Avoid going to heavily populated residential areas.
- Make sure to shut your house windows and doors. If the sleeping area is facilitated by air-conditioned or not secured with window screens then use mosquito nets.
Over to you
Don’t confuse a dengue fever with a normal viral fever especially in the season of monsoon when there are high chances of getting infected from dengue infection. If you continue to have a fever for more than three days, then do consult a doctor and get yourself tested. Beware of dengue infection and prevent your surroundings from turning into breeding grounds of dengue mosquitoes.
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